The terpenes in cannabis are the aromatic oils that give cannabis plants their distinct scents. Terpenes help our bodies better absorb and use the healing effects of cannabinoids. Terpenes are also able to modify or alter the effects of cannabis-based cannabinoids, such as THC.
Terpenes are just as important as cannabinoids?
Cannabinoids and cannabis terpenes are a pair that work together to bring us the full effects of the cannabis strains. Terpenes typically are extracted from plant matter that includes citrus rinds and pine needles. While essential oils are used for aromatherapy, these are rare. Terpenes could also be obtained from animals , or even from insects.
In most cases they’re extracted from plant material. The cannabis plant contains over 200 terpenes, which give rise to distinct odors and flavors of a particular variety. Terpenes play a role in the distinctive scents of lavender and lemon. Terpenes are plants’ natural defense mechanism. They’ve been used for ages as food additives that enhance the flavor of many products.
Cannabis terpenes do more than are responsible for the aroma and flavor of cannabis but also offer therapeutic effects. According to some specialists, terpenes, which contribute to some of the distinctive characteristics of a particular strain have been proven to have beneficial effects on all sorts of things from stress and migraines to mood swings and inflammation.
Like cannabinoids, terpenes bind to receptors throughout our bodies and brains, which regulate the state of mind and memory, sleep patterns food cravings, and many other. Terpenes, when paired with cannabinoids, may enhance the effects of cannabis for healing and can reduce side effects.
These chemical compounds work synergistically together to enhance your cannabis experience and deliver stronger long-lasting relief. This is why various combinations of cannabinoids may impact patients’ ailments in different ways. A cannabis strain that is rich in CBD may not have any psychoactive effects, however it’s difficult to know the effects of specific terpenes on the patient.
The most well-known cannabis terpenes, and their advantages
1. Alpha-pinene is the primary terpene in pine needles as well as sage. It has a very strong fresh evergreen flavor. It can also be present in rosemary, basil along with dill, parsley, and basil. Although alpha-pinene may be found in low levels in most cannabis varieties It has been proven to increase focus and memory in strains that contain higher amounts.
2. Beta-myrcene: This terpene is a contributor to the aromas of hops and thyme. It may also be an anti-inflammatory. Myrcene is also found in lemongrass, mangoes, and thyme. It’s believed that the sedative properties of myrcene may assist with sleeplessness or restless leg syndrome.
3. Limonene: Lemongrass, peppermint, rosemary, and cannabis all have the highest levels of limonene. It has a distinct lemon scent that is antidepressant as well as anticancer properties.
4. Linalool: Linalool can be described as a chemical found in rosewood coriander, mint and birch trees. Linalool is a good ingredient for the treatment of depression and anxiety. It can provide calming effects. People have reported feeling calm when they use cannabis strains that have high levels of Linalool.
5. Caryophyllene: This is the sole terpene that interacts with cannabinoid receptors, and is also the reason that gives clove its distinctive scent. Caryophyllene, in addition to giving a spicy taste to the cannabis plant is also believed to have anti-inflammatory properties. It can also help in the treatment of anxiety.
To learn more, click tips for cooking with cannabis terpenes